Komodo National Park is located in the administrative area of East Nusa Tenggara Province. Although located on a different island, this national park is close to the islands of Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara. And both are tourist destinations that worth a visit.
This national park consists of three large islands, namely Komodo Island, Rinca Island, Padar Island, and some small islands. As a combination of these several islands, this park covers a land area of 603 km² with 1817 km² as the total.
In 1980 this National Park was established to protect the Komodo dragon and its habitat. There is a mix of 277 animal species originating from Asia and Australia. The combination consists of 32 species of mammals, 128 species of birds, and 37 species of reptiles. Including the Komodo dragon, there are at least 25 species of protected animals. The reason is their limited number or limited distribution.
In water territory, there are at least 253 species of reef-forming corals with 1,000 species of fish. The beauty of these reefs attracts foreign tourists to swim or dive in these waters.
The weather of Komodo National Park
The weather in Komodo National Park is one of the driest in Indonesia. Occasionally, this National Park will not experience rain for at least 8 months a year and is greatly affected by rain in the rainy season.
The average daily temperature during the dry season between May and October is up to 40°. Due to its hot climate, the soil tends to be coarse, and the plant species are limited to grasses, shrubs, orchids, and trees.
In contrast, the sea area has a rich and colorful landscape. Komodo National Park is located within the Asia Pacific Coral Triangle with various seagrass beds, colorful coral reefs, and dense mangrove forests.
Biodiversity of Komodo National Park
Not only becomes the natural habitat of the Komodo Dragon, but Komodo National Park is also a habitat for other land and marine creatures. Here you can see exciting animals roaming freely in the open area.
Not only the diversity of reptiles, mammals, and birds, there are also 12 species of snakes, 9 species of lizards, various frogs, Timor deer (the main prey of Komodo dragons), horses, buffaloes, wild boar, endemic Rinca rats, fruit bats, and more than 40 species of birds.
This national park is also famous for its extraordinarily diverse marine fauna. Apart from the 1,000 fish species that I mentioned earlier, 10 types of dolphins, 6 types of whales, dugongs, green turtles, various types of sharks, large manta rays, rays, marine reptiles, and crustaceans. If you are lucky, you will be able to watch migrating whales while in this park.
Attractions and Nature Tourism
The main attraction of Komodo National Park is the ancient giant reptile Komodo Dragon(Varanus Komodoensis). Besides, its authentic nature, especially the panoramic view of Savana and the underwater marine lives, is a potential supporting attraction. Travelers can do some maritime tourism activities such as fishing, snorkeling, diving, and canoeing.
What about the land area? Not the best but still worthy, natural tourism like observing animals, hiking, and camping.
Need more travel destination references and ideas? Okay, here are some interesting attractions that you can find while entering this national park:
Loh Liang on Komodo Island
Loh Liang is the entrance and main tourist area on Komodo Island. It offers many activities like observing the Komodo dragon, deer, wild boar, bird watching, climbing, and exploring the island. How are the water activities? You can explore the island, photo hunting, video shooting, diving, and snorkeling on the Pink beach. Pink beach is a beautiful shallow beach with charming coral reefs. The favorite activities among tourists are snorkeling, diving, and sun-bathing.
Loh Sebita or Loh Sabita
Loh Sebita is a beautiful mangrove area in this park. Not only known for its mangrove area, Loh Sebita is also famous for its highlands. That means you can enjoy trekking here( the most favored among travelers). Not interested in trekking? Well, that’s okay, you can try bird-watching.
What about the facilities? There are many available facilities, namely tourist huts, information centers, cafeterias, docks, shelters, and walking trails.
Loh Buaya on Rinca Island
Become the center of tourist visits on Rinca Island, Loh Buaya usually get more visitors than the other attractions. Visitors can explore the savanna, observe Timor deer, long-tailed monkeys, wild horses, and various bird species. And the main attraction, see the Komodo dragon closely. In this area, you could simply encounter this giant lizard. That’s because Loh Buaya is one of the centers of the Komodo dragon distribution area.
Need something different? then you can try to observing stone blocks in the Rinca village.
The facilities available at Loh Buaya include tourist huts, cafeteria, shelters, and walking trails. Absolutely, there will be some tamer and tour guide to accompany the visitors. So you don’t have to worry about the Komodo dragon.
Komodo National Park has become even more attractive with a unique activity. That one activity is seeing big-sized bats flying on Kalong Island. Visitors can rent a boat to go to Kalong Island to witness this beautiful scene.
After the sundown, you will see thousands of bats scattering out of their resting place and illuminating the sky on Kalong Island. The next day, when the sun is rising, you can see thousands of bats flying back to Kalong Island after a night looking for food.
Padar Island is located between Komodo Island and Rinca Island. It has a beautiful beach and an excellent place for diving and snorkeling.
Padar Island is the perfect place for scenic hikes and spectacular photoshoots results. As you climb up to one of the grassy hills, you will be amazed by the gorgeous greens, whites, and blues surround them.
The strategic location from the highest peak will give you a stunning view of the four sparkling beaches. So? What are you waiting for?
Diving in Komodo National Park
This area is known for its fierce currents, riptides, and whirlpools. These waters carry abundant nutrients from the Indian Ocean. Those nutrients are brought to create ideal conditions for thousands of tropical fish and coral species to thrive.
Several islands that surround it provide at least 100 world-class dive sites. Dive locations in Komodo National Park are quite varied and easy to find. And there are possibilities of seeing manta rays, sharks, and dugongs. There are also low dives where divers can find a closer beach. Padar Island is one of the simplest places to reach for dive.
The type of the water flow and pressure depends on the diver’s skill exp. That’s why I need to tell you to watch yourself. So, you’re not gonna dive carelessly and treat yourself with danger.
Snorkeling in Komodo National Park
There are lots of spots overflowing with spectacular marine life. The snorkel spot is suitable not only for experienced snorkelers but for the beginner too. So it’s not gonna be hard for beginners to find their location for snorkeling.
If you look carefully, it’ll be easy for you to find Nemo fish swimming briskly. And if you are lucky enough, you will encounter turtles, colorful fish, friendly reef sharks, and even squid and octopus.
The waters in the Komodo National Park are included as the best snorkeling spots in the world. The coral reefs around the Komodo National Park are very well protected. That’s because they are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Therefore, the plants and animals under the sea are still natural and can develop ideally.
There are many snorkeling spots that worth a try, such as Manta Point and around Pink Beach. For snorkeling equipment, travelers can bring their own equipment or rent it while in Labuan Bajo. So it’s quite simple for everyone who has the equipment or those who don’t.
As the name implies, “Pink Beach” is a beach with pink sand. This is a unique beach which has beautiful pink sand. Pink Beach Beach is located in the Komodo National Park, East Nusa Tenggara. This beach is one of 7 pink sand beaches in the world.
In addition to the unique and beautiful beach conditions, the underwater life at Pink Beach also keeps the beauty suitable for diving. The Pink Beach underwater park is a palace for various types of fish, coral reefs, and marine life. Therefore, snorkeling or diving is an activity that cannot be missed on this beach.
Komodo National Park entrance fee
To enter this national park, you have to buy several tickets. And you have to pay additional fees for various activities such as snorkeling, diving, and hiking.
Quoting from the Flores Komodo Expedition website, the following are the applicable fees:
|Entrance Ticket National Park (working days)||Rp. 150,000 per person|
|Entrance Ticket National Park (Sundays and nat. holidays)||Rp. 250,000 per person|
|Retribution for recreation and sports Rinca||Rp.. 100,000 per person|
|Retribution for recreation and sports Komodo||Rp. 100,000 per person|
|Entrance Ticket Padar||Rp. 150,000 person|
|Ranger fee Rinca||Rp. 120,000 per group up to 5 people|
|Ranger fee Komodo||Rp. 120,000 per group up to 5 people|
|Hiking fee Rinca||Rp. 5,000 per person|
|Hiking fee Komodo||Rp. 5,000 per person|
|Wildlife observation fee Rinca||Rp. 10,000 per person|
|Wildlife observation fee Komodo||Rp. 10,000 per person|
|Canoeing fee||Rp. 25,000 per person|
|Diving fee||Rp. 100,000 per person|
|Snorkeling fee||Rp. 50,000 per person|
|Kanawa Island fee||Rp. 100,000 per person|
|Boat Parking fee Rinca||Rp. 100,000 per person|
|Boat Parking fee Kanawa||Rp. 100,000 per person|
Trying to visit this national park once in your life will not make you regret it. Therefore, I advise you to come and enjoy the enchanting natural scenery.
There is no guarantee that the price I give above is always fixed. The prices shown above are subject to change at any time. For exact information, you can ask at the National Park office.