Don’t know about Borobudur Temple yet? What? Every International traveler knows this temple.
We will talk about countless things when discussing Borobudur Temple. This must-visit tourist attraction could become your next travel destination reference. The reason is that this massive temple includes grace, architecture, cultural values, history, and even beauty. Therefore, UNESCO put this temple on the list of World Wonder Heritages.
Borobudur Temple History
This stupa-shaped temple was built by Mahayana Buddhists during the reign of Wangsa Syailendra. Borobudur Temple was built around the end of the 8th century to the beginning of the 9th century originating from the Karangtengah and Kahulunan inscriptions. This period is the golden era of Wangsa Syailendra with a large number of temples on the slopes of the mountains. Who knows a civilization with ancient technology could build a dashing and magnificent-looking temple that still exists until now.
For the first time, Sir Thomas Raffles writes the name “Borobudur” in the book “History of the Island of Java“. At that time he was the Governor-General of Great Britain in Java, who gave the name of this temple.
The name Borobudur consists of two words in Sanskrit. Those two words are the word “bara” which means temple or monastery, and “beduhur” which means hills or high places. So when we combine them, Borobudur will be a monastery located in the high places.
The only document that shows the existence of this temple is the Nagarakretagama book. That book was written by Mpu Prapanca in 1365. In that book written that this temple was used as a place for Buddhist meditation. Therefore, Borobudur has long been used as a place of worship for Buddhists.
Designed(architected) by Gunadharma, consists of six square terraces with three circular courtyards above them. The walls are decorated with 2,672 relief panels, and there are 504 Buddha statues.
Borobudur has the most complete and magnificent collection of Buddhist reliefs in the world. The largest main stupa lies in the center and becomes the crowns of the building. These crowns are surrounded by three circular rows of 72 hollow stupas with a buddha statue sitting cross-legged in a perfect lotus position.
The Borobudur Temple building is 123 meters in width, 123 meters in length, and 30.5 meters in height. The Borobudur Temple building was built using Andhesit Rocks with an interlocking system in building construction and floors at this Borobudur Temple. The rocks are carved and assembled into giant pieces (puzzles) that cover a small hill to become Borobudur Temple.
Borobudur Temple Location
The access road to Borobudur Temple is feasible and easy for visitors to visit. Just so you know, the location of Borobudur Temple is very far from Yogyakarta Special Region.
Many think that Borobudur is around Yogyakarta. But in fact, Borobudur Temple is located in Magelang, which is 90 km from the city of Semarang, 86 km from Surakarta, and 40 km from Yogyakarta.
How to Go to Borobudur?
As a view, I will give an example of a departure city to go to the Borobudur location. The cities around this temple that serve international flights are Yogyakarta and Semarang. So I will give examples of how to go to Borobudur Temple from these cities.
The distance from the city of Surakarta (solo) -Borobudur is about 84km with a journey time of about 2-2.5 hours.
If you depart from the city of Surakarta, you can go to Yogyakarta city in advance for 1.5 hours. You have to transit there because you can’t go directly to Borobudur. Unless you guys want to hike the mountainside, LOL.
After arriving at the Yogyakarta Bus Terminal, then you can continue the journey to Borobudur by bus.
Yogyakarta-Borobudur distance is about 40 km, with a travel time of about 1 hour.
From Yogyakarta, you can go to Jombor Bus Terminal to take a bus going to Borobudur. You can take a direct bus to Borobudur or an intercity bus between provinces (known as AKAP) to Borobudur. However, buses to Borobudur are usually smaller than intercity buses.
And the cost is around IDR 10,000 for a people(possible to get higher than usual). And it takes at least 1 hour to arrive at the Borobudur sub-district area. After arriving at the Borobudur terminal(located in Magelang), you can continue the trip by pedicab, horse-drawn buggy, or walk by yourself.
However, if you depart from Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA), you can directly take a bus heading for Damri – Borobudur Terminal. You can do that without going to another bus terminal.
The distance from Semarang to Borobudur is about 90 km, with a travel time of 3.5 hours.
From the Semarang, start by taking a bus to Yogyakarta and get off at Yogyakarta Bus Terminal. And then you can continue the trip to the Borobudur terminal using a bus heading to Borobudur.
Borobudur Temple Ticket Prices and Parking
Ticket prices for entering the Borobudur Temple area are a bit expensive. But here are the ticket prices list:
- Adult: IDR 40,000 / person (Domestic)
- Children (U-10): IDR 20,000 / person (Domestic)
- Adult: USD 25 (Foreigners)
- Children (U-10) and students: USD 15 (Foreigners)
Meanwhile, the parking fee at Borobudur Temple is IDR 3,000 for motorbike parking, IDR 20,000 for car parking, and IDR 30,000 for buses.
Borobudur – Prambanan Package
- Adult: USD 45
- Child (U-10): USD 27
Borobudur Package – Ratu Boko
- Adult: USD 45
- Child (U-10): USD 27
With that high ticket prices, what facilities will we get while visiting the Borobudur Temple area?
Borobudur Temple facilities are quite complete for visitors who want to visit Borobudur Temple, including:
- Food stalls
- Souvenir shop
- Information Center
- Prayer room
Borobudur Temple is not just a spot for a vacation. There are many things we can take from visiting this historical monument. Besides getting a new atmosphere, we also get many lessons from this temple trip itself.
Its history, reliefs, and much more can be learned from this temple. So, you don’t need to hesitate to come to this place. Just try to visit this temple, and you will get unexpected excitement.
I hope this article will be able to provide the information you need before visiting Borobudur Temple. If you have never come to this temple, at least give it a try once in your life. And make sure that you are aware of the policies that apply during the spread of the pandemic. Stay healthy, stay safe.